The world’s first Soviet Mars rovers had name: Instrument of evaluation of maneuverability – Mars (PrOP-M, local abbreviation). They were designed and manufactured by VNIItransmash, chief designer – Alexander L. Kemurdzhian. Two automatic rovers reached the Martian surface during “Mars-2” and “Mars-3” missions in 1971. None of them fulfilled its mission. “Mars-3” automatic interplanetary station….
Lunokhod is a series (Lunokhod-0, Lunokhod-1, Lunokhod-2, Lunokhod-3) of the Soviet remote controlled self-propelled apparatuses for exploration of Moon. History of the creation of Soviet automatic mobile laboratory for the study of the Moon begins from the first half of 1960s. In 1963, S. Korolyov (Soviet scientist, designer and organizer of the production of the…
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