”Klin-1” Robotic complex

Soviet robotic complex “Klin-1” was created for liquidation of the consequences of accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which occurred on April 26, 1986.[1-4] [10]

The complex was designed and manufactured during 44 days (from April to June of 1986).[5] It was used in the area of the accident from July to December of 1986 in areas with radiation levels, inadmissible for any other equipment with crew.[7]

The complex consisted of the remote-controlled unmanned vehicle-robot and control machine with crew (two people).[7]

The vehicle-robot “Object 032” was made on the basis of the Combat engineering vehicle IMR-2 (created on the basis of basic T-72 tank, put into service in 1980, mass production – since 1982) with its equipment by additions for the deactivation work, the complex of remote control system via TV and Radio commands, the system of gamma-locators. The ability of control of the machine by crew was retained for work in an area with normal radioactive background.[7]

Combat engineering vehicle IMR-2
Combat engineering vehicle IMR-2.   [12]

IMR-2D in use
The rising of the sarcophagus’ wall, IMR-2D is at the bottom.   [13]

The control machine “Object 033” was carried out on the chassis of the T-72A tank and it is designed to manage the vehicle-robot. The driver, operator, equipment for observation, reconnaissance and robot control were placed in the modified forebody of the hull, separated by a partition.[7]

Robotic complex “Klin-1” was created in one copy. After doing all the work, complex was buried in the special cemetery (because of strong radioactive contamination).



1. Чорнобильська катастрофа. – Mode of access: http://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A7%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%8C%D0%BA%D0%B0_%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%84%D0%B0.
2. Chernobyl disaster. – Mode of access: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chornobyl.
3. Авария на Чернобыльской АЭС. – Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A7%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%8B%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F.
4. Чернобыльская АЕС взрыв 4-го блока : фотографии Люди и события. – Mode of access: http://spilkachernobulja.io.ua/album327514.
5. Клин (роботизированный комплекс). – Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD_%28%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%29.
6. ВНИИТрансмаш. Разработки. Аварийно-спасательные машины и роботы. – Mode of access: http://www.vniitransmash.ru/MENU/ACTIVITY/activitysk.html.
7. KM.RU // Мегаэнциклопедия // Энциклопедия вооружений // Инженерный роботизированный комплекс «Клин-1». – Mode of access: http://mega.km.ru/Weaponry/encyclop.asp?TopicNumber=1860.
8. ИМР-2. – Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%9C%D0%A0-2.
9. Инженерная машина разграждения ИМР-2. – Mode of access: http://www.expomash.ru/enginemach/imr2/.
10. Lost Places – Чорнобильська Зона. – Mode of access: http://www.lplaces.com.
11. Костенко Ю.П. Танки (тактика, техника, экономика) / Ю.П. Костенко. – М.: НТЦ «Информтехника», 1992. – 68с.
12. Карпенко А.В. Обозрение отечественной бронетанковой техники (1905-1995) / А.В. Карпенко. – Санкт-Петербург: “Невский бастион”, 1996. – 480с.
13. Беляев И.А. Чернобыль – вахта смерти / И.А. Беляев. – Тверь: ЗАО “ИПК Парето-Принт”, 2009. – 228с.
14. Документальный фильм “Порог”. – Mode of access: http://pripyat.com/video/00041.html.

See also: Teletank, STR-1 Specialized transport robot.