The world’s first Soviet Mars rovers had name: Instrument of evaluation of maneuverability – Mars (PrOP-M, local abbreviation). They were designed and manufactured by VNIItransmash, chief designer – Alexander L. Kemurdzhian. Two automatic rovers reached the Martian surface during “Mars-2” and “Mars-3” missions in 1971. None of them fulfilled its mission. “Mars-3” automatic interplanetary station….
The tragic events at Chernobyl nuclear power plant in April 1986 in USSR [1-5] caused the need of the urgent creation of unmanned robotic vehicles with remote control. Such specialized transport robots (STR) have been created by VNIItransmash on the basis of experience at developing and testing of “Lunokhod-1” and experimental models of planetary rovers….
Soviet robotic complex “Klin-1” was created for liquidation of the consequences of accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which occurred on April 26, 1986.[1-4]  The complex was designed and manufactured during 44 days (from April to June of 1986). It was used in the area of the accident from July to December of…
Lunokhod is a series (Lunokhod-0, Lunokhod-1, Lunokhod-2, Lunokhod-3) of the Soviet remote controlled self-propelled apparatuses for exploration of Moon. History of the creation of Soviet automatic mobile laboratory for the study of the Moon begins from the first half of 1960s. In 1963, S. Korolyov (Soviet scientist, designer and organizer of the production of the…
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